Iran, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Southern and Western Asia. The name "Iran", which in Persian means "Land of the Aryans", has been in use natively since the Sassanian era. It came into use internationally in 1935, before which the country was known to the Western world as Persia. Both "Persia" and "Iran" are used interchangeably in cultural contexts; however, "Iran" is the name used officially in political contexts.
IranIslamic statesPersian-speaking countries and territoriesIranian PlateauMember states of the Organisation of Islamic CooperationMiddle Eastern countriesSouth Asian countriesMember states of the United NationsG15 nationsIslamic republicsIranWestern Asian countriesDeveloping 8 Countries member statesWestern AsiaNear Eastern countriesPersian Gulf countriesMember states of OPEC
Parthia is a region of north-eastern Iran, best known for having been the political and cultural base of the Arsacid dynasty, rulers of the Parthian Empire. The name "Parthia" is a continuation from Latin Parthia, from Old Persian Parthava, which was the Parthian language self-designator signifying "of the Parthians" who were an Iranian people.
ParthiaParthian EmpireAncient Iranian peoplesHistory of Iran
The Iranian peoples (Iranic peoples) are an Indo-European ethnic-linguistic group that comprise the speakers of Iranian languages, a major branch of the Indo-European language family, as such forming a branch of the Indo-European-speaking peoples.
Iranian peoplesEthnic groups in the Middle EastAncient peoplesIndo-European peoplesIranian peopleCentral Asian people
Iran hostage crisis
The Iran hostage crisis was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States where 52 Americans were held hostage for 444 days from November 4, 1979, to January 20, 1981, after a group of Islamist students and militants took over the American Embassy in Tehran in support of the Iranian Revolution. President Carter called the hostages "victims of terrorism and anarchy", adding that the "United States will not yield to blackmail".
Iran hostage crisisConflicts in 1979Military history of the United StatesHistory of the United States (1964–1980)Conflicts in 1981Political controversiesHistory of the Islamic Republic of IranCarter administration controversiesPolitical controversies in the United States1979 in IranUnited States Marine Corps in the 20th century1981 in IranDiplomatic incidentsConflicts in 19801980 in IranHostage takingPresidency of Jimmy CarterHistory of the foreign relations of the United StatesIran–United States relationsIranian Revolution
2009–2010 Iranian election protests
2009–2010 Iranian election protests
Iranian-Americans or Persian-Americans are Americans of Iranian ancestry or people possessing Iranian and American dual citizenship. Iranian-Americans are amongst the most highly educated groups in the United States. Iranian-Americans have historically excelled in business, academia, the sciences, arts and entertainment – but have traditionally shied away from participating in American politics or other civic activities.
Iranian AmericanEthnic groups in the United StatesIranian emigrantsAmerican people of Iranian descent
Persian Jews are Jews historically associated with Iran, traditionally known as Persia in Western sources. Judaism is among the oldest religions practiced in Iran and the Biblical Book of Esther contains references to the experiences of the Jews in Persia. Jews have had a continued presence in Iran since the time of Cyrus the Great of the Achaemenid Empire. Cyrus invaded Babylon and freed the Jews from Babylonian captivity.
Persian JewsJewish ethnic groupsThe Lost TribesIranian Jews
Indo-Iranian peoples are a linguistic group consisting of the Indo-Aryan, Iranian, Dardic and Nuristani peoples; that is, speakers of Indo-Iranian languages, a major branch of the Indo-European language family. The Proto-Indo-Iranians are commonly identified with the descendants of the Proto-Indo-Europeans known as the Andronovo culture and their homeland with an area of the Eurasian steppe that borders the Ural River on the west, the Tian Shan on the east.
Indo-IraniansAncient peopleIranian peoplesEurasian nomadsEncyclopedia of Indo-European CultureAncient Iranian peoples
Iranian-Armenians, sometimes called Persian-Armenians (Պարսկահայ Parskahye), are Iranian citizens of Armenian or both Iranian and Armenian origin. Their number is about 3,000,000. They mostly live in Tehran and Jolfa district, Isfahan. The Iranian-Armenians were very influential and active in the modernization of Iran during the 19th and 20th centuries. After the Iranian Revolution, many Armenians immigrated to Armenian diasporic communities in North America and Western Europe.
Iranian ArmeniansEthnic groups in IranArmenian diasporaIranian Armenian people
Proto-Indo-Iranian is the reconstructed proto-language of the Indo-Iranian branch of Indo-European. Its speakers, the hypothetical Proto-Indo-Iranians, are assumed to have lived in the late 3rd millennium BC, and are usually connected with the early Andronovo archaeological horizon. Proto-Indo-Iranian was a Satem language, likely removed less than a millennium from the late Proto-Indo-European language, and in turn removed less than a millennium from the Vedic Sanskrit of the Rigveda.
Proto-Indo-Iranian languageProto-languagesIndo-Iranian languagesIndo-European languages
Ancient Iranian peoples
Iranian peoples first appear in Assyrian records in the 9th century BCE. In Classical Antiquity they were found primarily in Scythia and Persia. They divided into "Western" and "Eastern" branches from an early period, roughly corresponding to the territories of Persia and Scythia, respectively. During Late Antiquity, the Iranian populations of Scythia in the Eurasian Steppe were marginalized and assimilated by Turkic and Slavic migrations.
Ancient Iranian peoplesAncient Iranian peoples
Iranian Arabs are the Arabic-speaking peoples of Iran. Most Iranian Arabs live in the coastal regions of southern Iran by the Persian Gulf. Iranian Arab communities are also found in Bahrain, Kuwait, Iraq, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates.
Iranian ArabsEthnic groups in IranArab diasporaMuslim communities
The term Iranians abroad or Iranian diaspora refers to the Iranian people born in Iran but living outside of Iran with their children. As of 2010, there are an estimated four to five million Iranians living abroad, mostly in North America, Europe, Persian Gulf States, Turkey, Australia and the broader Middle East. For the most part they emigrated after the Iranian Revolution in 1979. Their combined net worth is $1.3 trillion (2006 est.
Iranian diasporaIranian emigrantsIranian diaspora
Iranians in the United Kingdom
Iranians in the United Kingdom, also referred to as British Iranians, consist of people of Iranian nationality who have settled in the United Kingdom, as well as British residents and citizens of Iranian heritage. According to the 2001 Census, 42,494 Iranian-born people reside in the UK. This figure is thought to have risen to 58,000 by 2009, according to National Statistics estimates.
Iranians in the United KingdomIran–United Kingdom relationsIranian emigrantsImmigration to the United Kingdom by country of originBritish people of Iranian descent
Afghans in Iran
Afghans in Iran are mostly refugees who fled Afghanistan during the 1980s Soviet war as well as diplomats, traders, businesspersons, workers, exchange students, tourists and other visitors. As of March 2009, nearly 1 million Afghan nationals were reported to be living in Iran. The ones designated as refugees are under the protection and care of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), and provided legal status by the Government of Iran.
Afghans in IranAfghan diasporaAfghan expatriates in Iran
Indo-Iranian can refer to: Indo-Iranian languages Prehistoric Indo-Iranians Proto-Indo-Iranian religion
Proto-Iranian, is the reconstructed proto-language of the Iranian languages branch of Indo-European language family, and as such, the ancestor of the Iranian languages such as Persian, Sogdian, Zazaki, Mazandarani, Kurdish and others. Its speakers, the hypothetical Proto-Iranians, are assumed to have lived in the early 2nd millennium BC, and are usually connected with the Proto-Indo-Iranians and early Andronovo archaeological horizon.
Proto-Iranian languageProto-languagesIndo-European languagesIranian languages
Assyrians in Iran
Assyrians in Iran was a thriving community, but was diminished from around 200,000 prior to the Islamic Revolution in Iran to a mere 50,000. In addition to Assyrian communities found in major urban centers such as Tehran, there are also Assyrian villages in the area of Urmia in northern Iran. http://countrystudies. us/iran/58. htm Assyrians are a Semitic people who speak Syriac an Aramaic dialect and are Eastern Rite Christians. They are the descendants of the ancient Mesopotamians.
Assyrians in IranEthnic groups in IranIranian people of Assyrian descentAssyrian ethnic groups
Ethnic minorities in Iran
This article focuses on ethnic minorities in Iran and their related political issues.
Ethnic minorities in IranEthnic groups in IranEthnic minorities
Caspian languages are a branch of Northwestern Iranian languages spoken in northern Iran, south of the Caspian Sea. Caspian languages include: Deilami Gilaki Mazanderani Shahmirzadi
Caspian languagesNorthwestern Iranian languagesLanguages of Iran
Persians in Bahrain
The Iranians in Bahrain or Ajam are a community of Persians in Bahrain. They have traditionally been merchants living in a specific quarters of Manama and Muharraq. They mostly adhere to the Shia sect of Islam. In the Manama Souq, many Ajam are clustered in the neighborhoods of Mushbir and Fareeq el-Makharqa.
Persians in BahrainIranian emigrantsEthnic groups in BahrainBahraini society
Iranians in the Netherlands
Iranians in the Netherlands form one of the newer and larger populations of Iranians (Persians) in Europe.
Iranians in the NetherlandsEthnic groups in the NetherlandsDutch people of Iranian descentIranian emigrants
List of Iranians
This is an alphabetic list of notable people from the Islamic Republic of Iran or its historical predecessors.
List of IraniansLists of people by nationalityLists of Iranian peopleLists of people by ethnicityIranian people
People of Black African descent reside in Iran. Most Afro Iranians are concentrated in Hormozagan, Sistan and Baluchestan and Khuzestan.
Afro IranianEthnic groups in Iran
Iranians in Germany
Iranians in Germany include immigrants from Iran to Germany as well as their descendants of Iranian heritage or background. There are 100 000 to 120 000 ethnic Iranians living in Germany. With around 25.000 people of Iranian descent, Hamburg is the main center of the Iranian Diaspora http://www. abendblatt. de/politik/ausland/article1061344/Nieder-mit-dem-Diktator-3000-Exiliraner-demonstrieren-in-Hamburg. html There are a lot of Iranian restaurants, cultural centres and mosques in the city.
Iranians in GermanyEthnic groups in Germany
List of British Iranians
This is a list of notable British Iranians. This is an incomplete list, which may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.
List of British IraniansBritish people of Iranian descentLists of Iranian peopleLists of British people by origin
Eastern Iranian peoples
The Eastern Iranian peoples are historical ethno-linguistic groups frequently mentioned in Avesta as well as Sanskrit and Pali literature, who are identified by their use of Eastern Iranian languages which diversified out of the Common Indo-Iranian in the course of the early Iron Age. The modern Eastern Iranian peoples include: Pashtuns Pamiri people Ossetes Burki Yaghnobis The ancient Eastern Iranian peoples include: Scythians Bactrians Arachosians Khwarezmians Kambojas
Eastern Iranian peoplesEthnic groups in AfghanistanEthnic groups
Academic Society of Iranians in Japan
Academic Society of Iranians in Japan, abbreviated as ASIJ, is a non-governmental and non-profit organization of Iranian students and researchers in Japan. According to the articles, apart from internal aims, the organization aims at promoting relations and exchange between the academics of Iran and those of other countries particularly Japan.
Academic Society of Iranians in JapanStudent societies in JapanEthnic student organizations
Iranians in Pakistan
There are a large number of Iranians in Pakistan, the vast majority of whom live in Karachi and Lahore. Other colonies can be found in Faisalabad, Islamabad, Peshawer and in the city of Multan. Most Iranians in Pakistan are Shia Muslims, although a number of Sunnis and Parsis in Pakistan claim Iranian origins. By many other estimations there are around 1,377,000 - 2,000,000 people of Iranian descent in Pakistan, majority of whom practice Shia Islam.
Iranians in PakistanIranian expatriates in PakistanEthnic groups in PakistanIranian emigrantsIran–Pakistan relations
Iranians in France
Iranians in France form one of the smaller communities of Iranians outside of Iran.
Iranians in FranceEthnic groups in FranceFrench people of Iranian descentIranian expatriates in France
Iranians in Sweden
Iranians in Sweden consist of people of Iranian nationality who have settled in Sweden, as well as Swedish residents and citizens of Iranian heritage. There are approximately 56,000 Iranians living in Sweden today.
Iranians in SwedenIranian emigrantsEthnic groups in Sweden
Iranians in Thailand
Iranian migration to Thailand began as early as the 17th century.
Iranians in ThailandEthnic groups in ThailandIranian emigrantsThai people of Iranian descent
Iranians in Israel
Iranians in Israel refers to the community of Iranian Jews living in Israel. Many of them immigrated to Israel after the Iranian revolution in 1979. Since the establishment of the State of Israel in 1948, over 40,000 Iranian Jews have settled in Israel. Kol Israel transmits daily radio broadcasts to Iran in the Persian language and Menashe Amir, an Iranian Jew, hosts a talk show that draws callers from Iran.
Iranians in IsraelIranian emigrants to IsraelIranian emigrantsIsraeli people of Iranian descent
List of Iranian Armenians
This is a list of famous Iranian Armenians.
List of Iranian ArmeniansIranian Armenian peopleLists of Iranian peopleLists of Armenian people
Iranians in Spain
Iranians in Spain do not form a very large population, but they have a history going back for over a millennium.
Iranians in SpainIranian emigrantsEthnic groups in SpainSpanish people of Iranian descent
Iranians in China
Iranian people in China have lived in China throughout various periods in Chinese history.
Iranians in ChinaIranian emigrantsEthnic groups in China
Iranians in Qatar
Iranians in Qatar accounts for some 30,000 people. In 1908 the Qatar population was numbered at 27,000. Out of 27,000 inhabitants there were 425 Iranian boat builders. By the year 1930 the number of Iranians were increased to 5000, an increase of 20% in the population.
Iranians in QatarQatari people of Iranian descentIranian emigrantsEthnic groups in Qatar
List of Assyrian-Iranians
This is a list of famous Assyrian-Iranians.
List of Assyrian-IraniansIranian people of Assyrian descentLists of Iranian people
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